SIGNIFICANCE OF BUILDING CONSERVATION PROJECTS IN JKR

SIGNIFICANCE OF BUILDING CONSERVATION PROJECTS IN JKR: ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD

DR Sabere 2Nora LizaDr. Mohd Sabere Sulaiman (Arkitek Penguasa)

Pn. Nora Liza Mohd Khalid (Arkitek Kanan)

Unit Konservasi, Bahagian Kepakaran Seni Bina, Cawangan Arkitek, JKR Malaysia

Kertas kerja dibentangkan di Mesyuarat Pengawai Kanan JKR Malaysia 23hb Mei 2017 di Kuantan, Pahang.

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Nota Admin – Ralat;

Pembentangan yang telah dibuat adalah menggunakan powerpoint dan highly graphical and illustrative. Blog ini hanya memaparkan sebahagian daripada foto dan grafik yang ditunjukkan untuk sesuaikan dengan Laman Blog ini tanpa menjejaskan penyampaian kerts kerja tersebut. 

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WHAT IS CONSERVATION?

Antiquities?  Old building?  Old fashion?  

Historical evidence?  Heritage building?  World heritage site?

DEFINITIONS

NATIONAL HERITAGE ACT 2005 (ACT 645)

includes preservation, restoration, reconstruction, rehabilitation and adaptation or any combination’

BURRA CHARTER (2013)

All the processes of looking after a place so as to retain its cultural significance

Why conserve?

  • Historical value
  • Cultural value

“Cultural and/or natural significance which is so exceptional as to transcend national boundaries and to be of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity. As such, the permanent protection of this heritage is of the highest importance to the international community as a whole”

UNESCO World Heritage Committee (2013)

UNDERSTANDING OF THE BASIC CONSERVATION PRINCIPLES

  • Less disturbance to the original fabrics
  • Respect quality of place

Garis Panduan Pemuliharaan Bangunan Warisan 2016

HERITAGE LEGISLATIONS IN MALAYSIA;

  • NATIONAL HERITAGE ACT 2005 (ACT 645)
  • MALACCA PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE ENACTMENT 1988
  • JOHOR ENACTMENT 1988
  • SARAWAK CULTURAL HERITAGE ORDINANCE 1993
  • ANTIQUITIES AND TREASURE TROVE ENACTMENT 1977 (SABAH NO. 11 OF 1997)
  • STATE OF PENANG HERITAGE BILL 2011
  • HERITAGE BUILDING CONSERVATION GUIDELINE (2016)
  • GUIDELINES FOR CONSERVATION AREAS AND HERITAGE BUILDINGS BY THE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF PENANG (MPPP) 2007)

LEGISLATIONS IN MALAYSIA

  • TOWN COUNTRY AND PLANNING ACT 1976 (ACT 172)
  • LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1976 (ACT 171)
  • STREET DRAINAGE AND BUILDING ACT 1974 (ACT 133)

ISSUES

ModernisationMODERNISATION
UrbanisationURBANISATION
MarginalisationMARGINALISATION

ATTITUDE

“Conservation merely represents one way of dealing with historic structures. It is largely a culturally determined attitude of our time that old building should be protected”

Hobson (2004) p.3

Issues

Rumah Mandailing (Rumah Sutan Puasa @Rumah Degil) Chow Kit Road, KL

Heritage quote

OUR CONTEXT?

  • National Context
  • JKR context
LIMITED REFERENCES. JKR IS CONSIDERED ‘NEW’ IN THIS FIELD

SIGNIFICANCE :

  • Different scope of work
  • Detail documentation and record
  • Thorough research (Historical & Scientific)
  • As technical reference center

Conservation Timeline

CHALLENGES

  • Limited budget

Whose Accountability?

  • Client?
  • Conservator Architect?
  • HODT?
  • HOPT?

Lack of Knowledge and understanding in conservation/ heritage —–>  Lack of Appreciation

WHERE ARE WE NOW?

Normal vs ConservationNormal Vs Conservation Project
Main characteristics – use and function, historical background, building technology, material

Cost:–  Depending on

  •  approach
  • Techniques
  •  Skills
  • Tools
  •  Construction methods
  •  Materials
  •  Size and scope of work
  •  Complexity
  •  Location
  •  Accessibility

Skop Konservasi

Normal vs konservasi 3aspekNORMAL PROJECT VS BUILDING CONSERVATION PROJECT

STANDARDISATION

Efforts done but different approaches between HQ and State Project.

WAY FORWARD

How can we achieve?

If you cant describe what you are doing as a process, you dont know what you are doing. (W.Edwards Deming)

Increase Awareness

  • Seminar
  • Road Tour
  • Talk

Reference:

Centralised ReferenceCENTRALISE ARCHIVE/ REFERENCE CENTRE FOR CONSERVATION WORKS

 

Role of Conservator

RE-GENERATE / ADAPTIVE RE-USE (SUSTAINABILITY) : PRESERVE GOVERNMENT HERITAGE ASSETS

  • Recycle of building stocks: – Econimic viable (GOovernment asset, tourism product )
  • Socio-Culture – Evolution of architectural Style
  • Heritage value for future generation

CONCLUSION

Carry the hopes and dreams of the people of Malaysia outlined in ASPIRATIONS FOR MALAYSIA POST-2020:

LIVEABILITY through ARTISTIC INNOVATION & PRESERVATION

Malaysians create, appreciate, and promote artistic vibrancy, and celebrate their diverse heritage. The heritage sites and the local arts and culture are well preserved, highly valued, and renowned globally’  …ELEVENTH MALAYSIA PLAN 2016-2020

JKR Role is very significant to be Centre of Excellence and must be ready to manage conservation project successfully by increasing awareness and competencies in conservation.

Conservator JKRJKR Team - Together We Deliver for Our Heritage

 

 

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